Oey Soe Tjoen, Chinese Batik legend from Pekalongan

Sabtu, 11 Juli 2020 | Juli 11, 2020 WIB | 0 Views
 Oey Soe Tjoen is commonly abbreviated OST, has been to scent the name of Pekalongan with batik masterpiece to various corners of the world.

Until now this batik written by the family of Oey Soe Tjoen still favored by some circles. This fine batik has become a favorite batik collector, both locally and abroad since the Dutch East Indies colonial era. The beauty and smoothness of the motive is very beautiful eyes.

Oey Soe Tjoen, Chinese Batik legend from Pekalongan
Oey Soe Tjoen, Chinese Batik legend from Pekalongan

In this piece of Batik Oey Soe Tjoen, Motive Nyabanyak was influenced by the acculturation of Indo-European and Chinese culture, such as the motif of Buketan or derived from the Inggirs Bouquet language that can mean flowers. In addition, the motif of batik Oey also there are animal motifs such as butterflies, Peacock, Pringgodani, and birds.

According to Achmad Ilyas, batik researcher, a number of batik designed by a number of Chinese Peranakan are very similar to those designed by Indo-European businessmen. The design includes changes in the staining or isen pattern.

Batik of Indonesia

ENCIM casing can be called as an example of this type. The period of 1850-1860 developments in Pekalongan Batik began to be influenced by the coming of various nations such as: Dutch, English, French Indian, Arabic and Chinese.
The batik actors are not only indigenous people but also Chinese entrepreneurs as well as a number of European wives.

In the book of Dutch Batik 1840-1940, Harmen Veldhuisen mentions a number of office wives of Pekalongan made Batik such as Eliza Van Zuylen, Line Matzelaar, Simonet, and others.

Eliza Van Zuylen had a lot to do with Oey, who was in Kedungwuni. Eliza had a hand with Oey's batik in Europe and America. This makes Batik Oey more developed with new motifs and colors such as red, blue, green which then become the identity of traditional Batik of Pekalongan.

Originally Oey Soe Tjoen began to batik around the year 1925. When Oey was a young man, he took the decision to no longer produce a batik stamp, as was previously produced by Oey Kiem Boen his father. After Oey was married to Kwee Tjoen Giok (KweeNetty), he began pioneering fine writing batik at his home in Jalan Raya Kedungwuni No. 104.

Departing from a concept against the current or making something different from its predecessor, Oey's batik is able to withstand the times. In addition, Oey Batik proved to be able to maintain its quality.
Every month, there are always batik bookers from Europe, America, or Japan. Batik Oey is also in a catalog of works of art that is worth having in the Netherlands. In addition to responding to Western tastes, Oey was able to fulfill the desires of Japanese people.

Oey makes a typical Hokokai batik that rises with peacock, flower, and nail motifs by inserting all the colors. Widianti Widjaya, granddaughter of Oey Soe Tjoen revealed they both pioneered batik writing until the number of batik artisans reached about 150 people on tahun1935. Most of them are farmers who live around Kedungwuni.

"Most batik professionals also have a farmer, so when the planting season and harvest season should stop production temporarily. In addition, in the rainy season, the production was also hampered, "he said.

The batik industry in Oey Soe Tjoen production place for The batik industry

History of Batik Pekalongan Indonesia

Most of the batik which until now serve the family is a descendant of the batik which since the Dutch colonial era. Since the colonial era, Kedungwuni is one of the buffer areas of the delicate writing batik of Pekalongan.

This is due to the many Chinese people in the area who plunge into the batik world. Most of Oey's Batik productions, in Dutch times were influenced by European style. Oey is inspired by the post-card delivery of the Dutch colorful flowers.

In the Book of Anyer Expedition-Panarukan Kompas Journalism report 200 years Anjer-Panaroekan, the Way (to) change mentioned that since the colonial period Oey often collected a collection of postcards from the Netherlands.

Istianti Setiono, second-generation successor Batik Oey said, Oey Soe Tjoen asked his employees to draw the motif as a pattern for Batik to be produced. There are more than 100 floral motifs have been made for the batik motif.

During the Japanese occupation, one of the motives was Hokokai. The name of the batik Hokokai itself was taken Darinama the youth organization of Japanese propaganda, which indoctrinated the indigenous young people aged over 14 years about the concept of East Asia.

Originally, the Hokokai batik cloth was not produced for Japanese purposes but for Indonesiaendiri people. Batik-Batik was originally ordered by people from Java Hokokai Institution for indigenous people who are considered to be qualified in Japanese propaganda. According to Achmad Ilyas, the most refined Batik Java Hokokai was produced during the Japanese occupation.

The trainers deliberately work lingering, with the reason to still be able to get the food allowance at work. The food is the most important part of the day. In his time Oey, became one of the pioneers of making fine batik in the traditional way known as Batik Encim.

Batik of his works besides the famous is also very subtle and detail. As for one sheet of batik, the process can be more than 2 to 3 years, depending on the level of difficulty and pattern.

The batik artisans are given the freedom to work on them as they wish. For wages there is also no special benchmark because they will be paid every single job they have completed.

The obstacles faced today are about human resources that are far from the criteria set by Batik Oey. It may seem arrogant but to maintain the quality of Sertamutu continuously.

Batik of Indonesia

"Each process should be carefully examined and detailed. Do not let there is one night droplet that is not in place because if missed and is painted hard to be lost, "said Istianti.

The high selling price in the market is not separated from the quality of batik produced. From this, Oey Soe Tjoen showed his integrity. Order obtained not only serve the order from among Chinese descent only, but has expanded both from the Dutch, as well as upper-class indigenous.

Oey Soe Tjoen is one of the legend of Peranakan batik artisans. His work is very famous to foreign countries. Noeleke Klavert a Sacramento citizen, San Francisco, United States of America owns the Sarong OeySoe Tjoen created in 1930 as well as a hokokai motif with floral motifs and bright colors.

According to Noeleke Klavert, the price of batik sarong made by Oey has been negotiable by a collector at a price of 1800 to 3000 US dollars for a single sheet. While now for an Oey Batik cloth it is equivalent to a new motorcycle. (Encyclopedia of people of Pekalongan  -Dirhamsyah, 2011)

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